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ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Year : 2020  |  Volume : 3 |  Issue : 2 |  Page : 2-6 |  DOI : https://DOI-10.46319/RJMAHS.2020.v03i02.002

 

Comparative study of maternal and fetal outcome in gestational diabetes mellitus with non diabetic pregnancies

B S Dhananjaya1, Samra Sahu 2

1Professor and Head, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sri Siddhartha Medical College &
Research Centre, Tumakuru, Sri Siddhartha Academy of Higher Education, Tumakuru.
2Junior Consultant, Motherhood Hospital, Sarjapura, Bangalore

DOI-10.46319/RJMAHS.2020.v03i02.002

Abstract
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism characterised by high blood glucose level consequent to defective insulin production or its action or both. According to WHO estimates, highest number of Diabetes cases are recorded in India. An estimated 31.7 million people with diabetes in 2000 in India are projected to increase to 79.4 million in 2030. National Urban Diabetes survey (2001) reported a prevalence of 5.4% in under 30 age group.1 Besides other consequences of this early onset, it also implies that more and more women with diabetes will get pregnant and present a management challenge to the obstetrician. There are effects of pregnancy on glucose metabolism as well as effects of diabetes on the mother and fetus. This study aims to compare maternal &fetal outcome in gestational diabetes with non diabetic pregnancies. Material & Methods: This was a prospective observational study conducted for 12months in Department of OBG, SSMC&RC, Tumakuru.  Pregnant women were screened for gestational diabetes mellitus and divided into GDM and non GDM  group. Results: This study showed that prevalence of GDM in study population was 4.2%. There was higher incidence of complications like Hypertension, Polyhydramnios, Preterm labour, Infection, Shoulder dystocia & PPH in mothers with GDM compared to non diabetic pregnancies. Higher birth weight was encountered too.
Keywords: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Pre eclampsia, Preterm labour, Macrosomia


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An official peer reviewed publication of
Sri Siddhartha Medical College & Research Centre
Constituent College of Sri Siddhartha Academy of Higher Education
(Deemed to be University u/s 3 of UGC Act, 1956)
Accredited 'A' Grade by NAAC
Tumakuru, Karnataka, India. 572107


Research Journal of Medical and Allied Health Sciences is a medium for the advancement of scientific knowledge in all the branches of Medicine and Allied Sciences and publication of scientific research in these fields. The scope of the journal covers basic medical sciences, medicine and allied specialities, surgery and allied specialities, dentistry, nursing, pharmacy, biotechnology, public health and other branches of the allied health sciences. This journal is indexed with Advanced Science Index(ASI), National Science Library and Open J Gate.